A Snapshot in Time

As we walked down to the sandy beach I could taste the cold wind on my tongue. I could see the bones and the black feathers of the dead mutton birds. I could feel the cold salty water in my shoe as I stepped into the freezing cold water of the rock pool. I could smell the freshness of the air. I could see all the sea life in the rock pool it was like little homes for them.

Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech Function Example Words Example Sentence
Nouns Person, Place or thing Cat, Australia, George George got a cat in Australia.
Pronouns Person or time He, then, everyone Everyone had to get there at 5:00
Verbs Doing word Running, Swimming, Flying He was running really fast.
Adjectives Describing words Dusty, Clean, shiny The house is very shiny and clean.
Adverbs Change words Early, soon, carefully You have to grab it carefully.
Prepositions Joining words Guest room, Into Go into the Guest room
Interjections Words with comma or exclamations at the end of them. Oh! , Ouch! ,What, Ouch! That hurt
Conjunctions Joining words A, but, so So what should we do now?

Conjunctions

Conjunctions, like prepositions, are also joining words or connectives. Conjunctions are used to join words, phrases, or clauses. Conjunctions can be found in any position in a sentence except the very end.
Key:
Underline: joining word
Bold: Phrases
1. Apples and oranges are good for you.
2. It was a life and death situation.
3. Look under the table and in the closet
4. I wanted to travel quickly and cheaply, but I couldn’t get a ride.
5. We bought the tickets, so we went to the concert.
6. After we saw a deer, we drove to Doaktown.
7. Before he gets sicker, he should go to the doctor.
8. We sent you a full and complete refund when you asked for it.
9. We ran home because it was raining.
10. Until the snow melts, we will have to stay home.
Copy these sentences in your notebook and then underline the conjunctions.
1. Although she missed the bus, she and Lily still arrived on time.
2. Andy bought it because he liked it yet he never wore it.
3. Betty or Fran will bring the books which you wanted.
4. The waiter who served our lunch was really nice but slow.
5. I saw the nests that the robins built both on the porch and in the tree.
6. Until we see it, we won’t believe it.
7. If you are ready, we can leave so we will be on time.
8. When they had finished, they gave it to the teacher.
9. Rollerblades and skateboards are very popular.
10. CDs are great because they have good quality sound.

Interjections

An interjection is a word or group of words used to express strong feeling. It can be an actual word, or merely a sound and is followed by an exclamation mark (!) or a comma.
1. Wow, did you see that jet!
2. Oh no! He lost the puck.
3. Ouch! That hurts.
4. No! Don’t touch the brake.
5. Yuck, I hate boiled cabbage.

Prepositions

Preposition are joining words, sometimes called connectives, which are used to show a time, place, or ownership relation between two nouns/pronouns or a noun and a verb. Prepositions and the nouns/pronouns that follow them are always grouped together and treated as a single grammar unit, called prepositional phrases.
Key:
Preposition
Nouns
Pronouns
1. Put your coats on the bed in the guest room.
2. Paula walked through the park and then turned towards home.
3. She hid the presents behind the desk and under the stairs.
4. The colour of her dress was really flattering.
5. The books on airplanes were placed beside those on trains.
6. The chairs on the porch were painted white.
7. Guests with tickets entered first.
8. The sap from maple trees is boiled into a syrup.
9. We saw six pheasant on the road to Stanley.
10. The man with the long scarf just robbed the store in the mall.
Copy these sentences in your notebook. Underline the prepositions, circle the nouns/pronouns that complete them, and then decide whether the prepositional phrase is used as an adjective or an adverb.
1. My aunt in Sackville gave several of the antiques to Gene (adverb)
2. The camp beside ours was built in 1966 by John’s brother.(adverb)
3. Since the crash, many of the survivors have received cash settlements.(adjective)
4. In his new movie, Brad Pitt drives a car from Toronto to Los Angeles.(adjective)
5. The time of day doesn’t matter.(adverb)
6. The supervisor questioned the quality of her work. (adverb)
7. A few of our friends from school arrived for supper at Julie’s.(adverb)
8. None of the items on that page are available until July.(adverb)
9. In 1992, most of the money disappeared.(adverb)
10. The mine owners from Germany sold all of it to them.(adverb)

Adverbs

 Adverbs limit, change, or alter the words they modify.
1. They arrived early for class.
2. Can you come soon?
3. She placed the crystal vase carefully on the table.
4. You cannot drive there!
5. The bus will arrive here at noon tomorrow.
6. Yesterday, the strikers blocked the driveway effectively
7. Rick gave his girlfriend an extremely expensive gift.
8. Kate is a truly courageous woman.
9. They finished their work surprisingly quickly.
10. The weather turned really hot at the beach during this last week.
Exercise 10: Adverbs
Copy these sentences in your notebook and then underline the adverbs.
1. Computers are relatively new devices.
2. Many businesses use them daily.
3. Today, very fast computers are needed.
4. They produce statistics quickly and accurately.
5. Generally, they are quite easy to use.
6. Many people have never used a computer.
7. The baby has been very cranky lately.
8. Finally, she wrote the very last sentence correctly.
9. She smiled brightly and said that she was really sorry.
10. Politely, he asked for a second helping.

Adjectives

To talk or write about a person place or thing, you use nouns like girl, house, or tree.
1. The little girl ran along the dusty road.
2. Six delicious cookies were cooling on the rack.
3. The dark brown painted dripped on the new white carpet.
4. A beautiful red rose bloomed in a quiet corner of that flower garden.
5. The old curtains were torn and faded, and they flapped in the light breeze.
6. After a few hours, they arrived at the train station, nine miles from Minto.
7. The hockey arena is located on Water Street beside the steel mill.
8. They used paper plates for the annual picnic.
9. These apples are juicy and red.
10. The long summer months are usually hot and dry.
B.   Use the paragraph you wrote in Exercise 7B. Rewrite it using enough adjectives
Ruby woke up with the bright sunshine on her face. She got out of her warm bed and got ready for her jog. she looked up and saw all the red and green birds flying up in the sky. She then bumped into an old friend called Sally. They sat down on a brown bench and started to talk. They talked intill the afternoon.
Copy these sentences in your notebook and then underline the adverbs.
1. They arrived early for class.
2. Can you come soon?
3. She placed the crystal vase carefully on the table.
4. You cannot drive there!
5. The bus will arrive here at noon tomorrow.
6. Yesterday, the strikers blocked the driveway effectively
7. Rick gave his girlfriend an extremely expensive gift.
8. Kate is a truly courageous woman.
9. They finished their work surprisingly quickly.
10. The weather turned really hot at the beach during this last week.

Verbs

Verbs usually tell about an action they are often found in the middle of sentences.

 1. The pitcher threw the ball.
2. The robin perched on a lower branch.
3. Seagulls flew lazily in the light breeze.
4. The New Brunswick flag cost five dollars.
5. He dreamed about his recent accident.
6. Melissa always walks to work in the morning.
7. She often rode the bus home at night.
8. His parents thought about him every day.
9. The Christmas tree looked beautiful.
10. The lions slept in the sun for hours.
Copy these sentences in your notebook and then underline the verbs.
 1. Sue sat on the bench as we were jogging through the park.
2. John ate his lunch slowly.
3. He was enjoying a ham and cheese sandwich.
4. After work, we decided on a movie.
5. Since his accident, he has been driving more carefully.
6. You will never guess the answer.
7. Are you reading that magazine, or have you finished it?
8. Lucy will send you her new address.
9. Finally, the dealer agreed to our price.
10. Everyone wants a lucky lottery ticket.
A. Copy these sentences in your notebook and then underline the verbs.
1. We learned about the effects of the storm from Norma.
2. Many branches had been broken by the wind.
3. Heavy icy was still bringing down many power lines.
4. Only a few people could stay in their houses without electricity.
5. After three days, food became scarce.
6. Volunteers arrived with emergency supplies.
7. People from nearby communities brought many loads of firewood.
8. Soon, life was returning to normal.
9. They are calling it the storm of the century.
10. We hope that we will not have another ice storm this year.
B. Write a paragraph about an exciting event. Underline all the verbs you used.
 Ruby woke to go for her jog in the park. She started her jog and saw all the birds flying up in the sky. She then bumped into an old friend called Sally they sat down and talked and talked about how their life’s were going. they talked for the rest of the morning.

Pronouns

Copy these sentences into your notebook, and then underline all the pronouns you can find in this exercise.
1. Many of them came, but few stayed long.
2. Give everybody something to eat before they leave.
3. What did you bring with you?
4. Did they teach themselves how to speak German?
5. After she cut herself, she went for a tetanus shot.
6. All of those are expensive.
7. Who likes chocolate?
8. The stones on the beach were green, but these are pink.
9. None of us was frightened by that.
10. He gave her several bottles of this.
A. Copy these sentences into your notebook and then underline the pronouns.
1. Who told us that no one would be at the mall?
2. This belongs to her.
3. She never gave them any of it.
4. Phillip called to tell them about that.
5. What did you give him and his wife for Christmas?
6. We always welcome suggestions.
7. Mine was destroyed by the flood, but the insurance covered it.
8. Give me some!
9. They told about the hardships we survived.
10. Many told about the kindness of strangers.
B. Write 10 sentences of your own. Underline all the pronouns you used
1. She gave it back to him.
2. We all like to go to the Beach.
3. You should play with them.
4. He gave it back to her.
5. Were did they go?
6. She is going to school today.
7. We have to get her.
8. I have to go.
9.We have to go with her.
10. I play NetBall.

Nouns

Exercise 1: Nouns

Copy these sentences into your notebook and then underline all the nouns you can find.

1. The dog chased the cat under the porch.

2. Muffins made with blueberries are delicious.

3. My daughter sold her computer to a friend.

4. Robert drove his car to Saint John and shopped for a new truck.

5. So much snow covered the roads, that even truck drivers pulled into motels.

6. The passengers on the ship witnessed the collision with the iceberg.

7. The Titanic sank in a few hours; many husbands and wives were separated.

8. Penguins live near the South Pole, but these birds aren’t bothered by the cold.

9. Many retired couples move to Florida where the weather is warmer.

10. Shediac is closer to the Confederation Bridge than Riverview is.

 

A. Copy these sentences into your notebook and then underline the nouns.
1. From the top of a small hill, we saw the Northumberland Strait.
2. The ocean was calm, and the clouds were beautiful.
3. Then, the little boats began to appear.
4. The fishermen were out checking their traps for lobster.
5. Many people in this area spend most of their lives on the sea.
6. Local markets are full of mussels, clams, scallops, and lobster.
7. In small villages, canneries prepare seafood for shipment to Japan.
8. When their boats are full, the fishermen return to their harbours for the night.
9. If the weather is good, their catch is usually large.
10. Storms make life on the water dangerous.
B. Write 10 sentences of your own. Underline all the nouns you used.
1. I have a cat named Ginger and a dog named Rusty.
2. The cup fell as the earth shook
3. The boy has blue eyes and green hair.
4. We are going to Queens Land to see our grandma.
5. The builders were working very hard.
6. I have a cat, a dog and 3 fish.
7. We went to the ocean to have a swim.
8. The clouds were very gray.
9. We had lots of fun at the park today.
10. wene we went to the zoo I saw a Lion.